Suggested Diet for Adult Cats
Roughly 90% meat and 10% vegetables. Leave down for up to 15 minutes. No food is to be left down all day. No grains or cereals – no commercial dried food. Feed 3-5% of body weight.
Meat 90% of meal
Minced - Rabbit, Goat, Chicken, Duck, Lamb, Venison, Possum (give a mix of meats over a week to ensure your pet receives a good balance of minerals, vitamins, fats and amino acids) Check the minced meat includes ground bone/bone meal to ensure calcium and phosphorus is included
Chicken or Rabbit carcass, necks, wings, thighs -with skin and bones. Feed raw only. Raw meaty bones supply calcium and phosphorus and cleans their teeth!
Organ meat 5%- 10% of meat portion. Small amounts of liver ONLY once or twice a week (if shop brought food liver is usually included already so no need to give extra) see notes
Green Tripe – for one meal a week as it is an excellent source of probiotics.
Raw fish (boneless) or canned in spring water Do not feed an all fish diet, see below
Vegetables 10% of meal
Steamed and mashed (helps gut health, supplies additional vitamins and minerals) especially green vegetables, pumpkin, kumera, carrots, alfalfa sprouts. Tip Jars of baby food vegetables are handy for cats
Flee Flea, nutritional supplement see products page (No commercial flea products)
Grated carrot, crushed pumpkin seed help keep intestinal worms away
If any health issues they will need to be discussed for additional requirements
Fresh water should be available 24 hours a day. See common misconceptions for notes about milk.
*Tip: Cats prefer their food at room temperature so ever so slightly warm the food in a pot, bain marie style, for a few seconds. Keep raw meat frozen and only thaw what is needed for that day. Ensure preparation surfaces and food bowls are thoroughly cleaned after every meal. No plastic food or water bowls.
Raw Food Safety
I have heard that some vet clinics are advising clients not to feed raw meat. One of the reasons they give is the risk of food poisoning to either the owner or the pet. This is only a possibility if basic food hygiene is not followed. The raw pet food manufacturers have strict regulations from Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) to follow, the same as human food manufacturers. To help minimise the possibility of an infection it is best to freeze meat for at least 24 hours prior to feeding. Only defrost enough for each day’s meals. Thoroughly wash all food preparation surfaces and food bowls after every meal. Use ceramic or stainless steel food and water bowls not plastic as plastic can harbor bacteria. This is no different to what we humans do when preparing our own meat meals.
After weaning cats do not require milk as part of their diet. Adult cats lose the ability to digest milk and cannot digest the lactose found in cow’s milk. Fresh water is the recommended ‘drink’. Exceptions may be Senior Cats that require additional protein or very young not getting mother’s milk. In these cases goats milk is tolerated by most cats.
The feeding of liver is also sometimes misconceived as a vital ingredient for cats. Liver has very high levels of Vitamin A and since this vitamin is stored by the body any excess levels can lead to health problems including bone disease. Liver should only be fed once or twice a week in small amounts.
Cats dietary requirements are different to the dog
The cats’ dietary requirements differ to other animals as they require a much higher level of protein. The cat requires 11 essential amino acids in their diet. They are essential because they must be obtained through the food they eat as their bodies cannot make them. Two very important amino acids cats are dependent on getting from their diet are arginine and taurine. A deficiency in either of these causes serious and even life threatening health issues for the cat. Arginine is found in beef, chicken, fish and liver. Taurine is a protein cats can only synthesise from the protein in their diet. Cats must have the majority of their diet in the form of raw meat and fish.
Why not an all fish diet
Fish contains an enzyme that destroys Thiamine. Thiamine is Vitamin B1 and is also essential for your cat’s health. If a cat only eats fish then it will develop a Thiamine deficiency leading to health problems. If your cat refuses to eat anything other than Fish you will need to add supplements such as Kelp, Brewers Yeast for Thiamine sources.